The history of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu in 1914.
The origin of Jiu jitsu, its arrival in Brazil, the birth of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, its development, its consolidation, its internationalization and as a Brazilian martial art and its worldwide success.
Some people argue that this secular martial art began to be practiced in India by Buddhist monks and was taken to China and then to Japan, others claim that the Chinese were the first practitioners of the martial art.
A third and more accepted view holds that fighting styles practiced in the 3rd and 8th centuries by various people in India and China have undergone a refinement process that resulted in the development of a method of self-defense with technique and strikes based on the principles of balance, the system of articulation of the body, the levers and without the use of weapons by the samurai schools, the warrior caste of feudal Japan. Jujutsu.
The arrival of Jiu Jitsu in Brazil
In 1904, the young Mitsuyo Maeda left Japan to fulfill the mission of spreading the martial art developed by Jigoro Kano, the great master of the Kodokan school around the world. A hand-to-hand fighting style that used the less dangerous techniques of Jujutsu, both standing and on the ground. Art that in the middle of the century was made official by the name of Judo by the Japanese government.
Master Maeda, only 1.64 meters tall and 68 kilos, traveled the European and American continets, performing demonstrations and collecting victories in combat with opponents of all sizes and styles: wrestlers, boxers, savate fighters and other martial arts, by the efficient application of choke techniques and armbars.
In 1914, Mitsuyo Maeda, known worldwide as Count Koma, after having won sympathizers in all corners of the world, arrived in Brazil.
After touring the country performing and fighting, he took up residence with the help of businessman Gastão Gracie in the city of Belém, capital of the state of Pará, where he later became a naturalized Brazilian citizen under the name of Otávio Maeda.
The birth of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
In 1917, Gastão Gracie takes his eldest son Carlos, then 15 years old, to the Teatro da Paz in Belém to attend a presentation by Master Maeda, with whom he had established deep bonds of friendship. The young man was fascinated!
Fascination that transformed him into the obstinate disciple of Mitsuyo Maeda, who later graduated as a master, passed on his martial knowledge to the brothers Osvaldo, Gastão and Jorge. In 1925, Carlos and his brothers founded the first Gracie School in Rio de Janeiro where they taught Jiu Jitsu, the name by which the art taught by Mestre Conde Koma became known in Brazil. The younger brother, Hélio Gracie, who only attended classes because he was forbidden to train by his brothers because his body was very skinny, over time and a lot of observation created his own fighting style by adapting the fighting techniques to its physical structure. Gracie Jiu Jitsu, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.
The development of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
The techniques created by Hélio, promoted to instructor, and developed by him and his brothers started to be used to take capoeiristas and fighters of all sizes and origins in confrontations in fights without rules.
The victories of the Gracie family in the “Vale-tudo” fights gained prominence in the newspapers of the time, attracting a wide range of new practitioners, including many artists and politicians such as mayors, governors and ministers of state. Famous people who helped boost the sport. Around the same time, the Gracie brothers started to promote Jiu Jitsu championships in the city of Rio de Janeiro with their first combat rules:
- Fights lasting five minutes;
- Extension of three minutes, in case of a tie in regular time;
- One point for moves such as a takedown;
- One point per front mounted with both knees on the floor;
- One point for a back take.
The consolidation of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
In 1967, Jiu Jitsu was recognized and made official in Brazil.
With authorization from the National Sports Confederation, the Guanabara Jiu-Jitsu Federation was created, chaired by Hélio Gracie, with Carlos as president of the Advisory Board and Carlson, Hélio’s first-born son, as technical director. In addition, the great masters Oswaldo Fadda, Orlando Barradas, João Alberto Barreto and Robson Gracie, brother of Carlos, as executive members.
In 1994, the Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Confederation was created, affiliated to the Brazilian Olympic Committee and the International Jiu Jitsu Federation, which promoted the strengthening of art as a regulated sport, through international tournaments and the first World Championship in 1996.
The international acclaim of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
It was from the early 1990s that Brazilian Jiu Jitsu became known, respected and admired worldwide as Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, when in 1993 Rorion Gracie created the Ultimate Fighting Championship.
Fighting tournaments held in just one night with disputes between the best athletes from different martial arts modalities: jiu-jitsu, karate, boxing, kickboxing, grappling, wrestling, sumo and other combat sports whose winner was declared the “Supreme Champion of Fight “(Ultimate Fighting Champion).
The UFC tournament format that introduced MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) as an organized and sanctioned sport modality in the United States that became a global sport brand that revolutionized the fight industry with the production of Pay-Per-View events attended by millions of fans from all over the planet, enshrined Brazilian Jiu Jitsu as an unbeatable martial art of self defense thanks to the impressive victorious careers of the invincible national sport idols: Royce, Rickson, Renzo, Ralph and Royler Gracie.
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